basic information link

Discussion in 'Self Harm & Substance Abuse' started by jane doe, Nov 17, 2007.

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  1. jane doe

    jane doe Well-Known Member

    this is a link for a pdf file. it´s a book with the basic info for si people and those who has someone who does it harm (Aus).pdf

    -Self harm is a behavior with a complex psychological basis. Although suicidal tendency can be the case, sufferers are not necessarily wanting to suicide, or even thinking of suicide. In some cases of wanting to die, self harm occurs as a coping strategy, such as in schizophrenia. In other cases, self harm is not related to suicidal thoughts, but may occur due to guilt or other thought patterns. For example, self harm may be used as punishment when a person has done something wrong (e.g. a high achiever failing at some task). Self harm may also be used by sufferers to temporarily blunt emotional pain. Self harm is a serious disorder, requiring immediate intervention, because of both the risk of suicide in those with a suicide-related motivation, and the risk of unintentional death from self-sustained fatal injury even in those without suicidal thoughts. Seek immediate professional medical and psychological care for any type of self harm.

    -What is Self Harm and why do 1 in 10 teenagers do it?
    The most common types of self harm are probably self cutting and self burning. But eating disorders, like anorexia, binge-eating or binge-drinking and self-induced vomiting are also forms of self harm. Then there are other actions classified as self harm, such as hitting solid objects, head banging, deliberate poisoning, self biting, hair pulling and cutting, overdosing, picking wounds so they don't heal, the ingestion of foreign objects and deliberate limb breaking.

    Self harmers use violence to the self as a means of coping with intense emotional trauma, pain, or distress. It is far more likely to affect younger people, but it can occur in any age group, increasingly among the elderly.

    It is estimated that around 170,000 people each year deliberately harm themselves. Of these, around 80,000 of those who attend the casualty department never receive a phychological assessment or follow-up.
    This is despite the fact that the risk of committing suicide after self-harming is 100 times greater than the average risk in the rest of the population.

    You'd think that self harmers would be 'in safe hands' at hostpial, but there is growing concern and evidence (and I can back this up with personal experience) that self harmers sometimes receive a poorer standard of NHS care than other patients that were deemed to have sustained their injuries by accident. Self harmers are classified with drug addicts, drunks, glue sniffers and other groups who are in the same vicious cycle of tranquilizing their anxiety by inflicting harm and pain to themselves.
    contuionues on:
    Last edited by a moderator: Nov 17, 2007
  2. riz

    riz Senior Member

    Thank you so much for that post. Sometimes, all you need to do is see it in print so that it's real.

    With love,
  3. Blackness

    Blackness Guest

    great post, very informative :)
  4. jane doe

    jane doe Well-Known Member

    i think i`m to make larger research and i`ll post it here, in medical sites and so.
  5. jane doe

    jane doe Well-Known Member


    direct link:

    How does self-injury become addictive?
    A person who becomes a habitual self-injurer usually follows a common progression:

    The first incident may occur by accident, or after seeing or hearing of others who engage in self-injury
    The person has strong feelings such as anger, fear, anxiety, or dread before an injuring event
    These feelings build, and the person has no way to express or address them directly
    Cutting or other self-injury provides a sense of relief, a release of the mounting tension
    A feeling of guilt and shame usually follows the event
    The person hides the tools used to injure, and covers up the evidence, often by wearing long sleeves
    The next time a similar strong feeling arises, the person has been “conditioned” to seek relief in the same way
    The feelings of shame paradoxically lead to continued self-injurious behavior
    The person feels compelled to repeat self-harm, which is likely to increase in frequency and degree.

    How can a self-injuring person stop this behavior?
    Self-injury is a behavior that becomes compulsive and addictive. Like any other addiction, even though other people think the person should stop, most addicts have a hard time just saying no to their behavior – even while realizing it is unhealthy.

    There are several things to do to help yourself:

    Acknowledge that this IS a problem, that you are hurting on the inside, and that you need professional assistance to stop injuring yourself.
    Realize that this is not about being bad or stupid – this is about recognizing that a behavior that somehow was helping you handle your feelings has become as big a problem as the one it was trying to solve in the first place.
    Find one person you trust – maybe a friend, teacher, minister, counselor, or relative – and say that you need to talk about something serious that is bothering you.
    Get help in identifying what “triggers” your self-harming behaviors and ask for help in developing ways to either avoid or address those triggers
    Recognize that self-injury is an attempt to self-sooth, and that you need to develop other, better ways to calm and sooth yourself
    Try some substitute activities when you feel like hurting yourself – there are some examples here, and many more that can be found online (links are provided below):
    If cutting is a way to deal with anger that you cannot express openly, try taking those feelings out on something else – running, dancing fast, screaming, punching a pillow, throwing something, ripping something apart
    If cutting is a way to feel something when you feel numb inside, try holding ice or a package of frozen food, taking a very hot or very cold shower, chewing something with a very strong taste (like chili peppers, raw ginger root, or a grapefruit peel), or snapping a rubber band hard on your wrist
    If cutting is a way to calm yourself, try taking a bubble bath, doing deep breathing, writing in a journal, drawing, or doing some yoga
    If cutting involves your having to see blood, try drawing a red ink line where you would usually cut yourself, in combination with other suggestions above.

    direct link:

    Even though there is the possibility that a self-inflicted injury may result in life-threatening damage, self injury is not suicidal behavior. Although the person may not recognize the connection, Self Injury (SI) usually occurs when facing what seems like overwhelming or distressing feelings. The reasons self-injurers give for this behavior vary [34]:

    Self-injury temporarily relieves intense feelings, pressure or anxiety.
    Self-injury provides a sense of being real, being alive – of feeling something.
    Injuring oneself is a way to externalize emotional internal pain – to feel pain on the outside instead of the inside.
    Self-injury is a way to control and manage pain – unlike the pain experienced through physical or sexual abuse.
    Self-injury is a way to break emotional numbness (the self-anesthesia that allows someone to cut without feeling pain).
    Self-abuse is self-soothing behavior for someone who does not have other means to calm intense emotions.
    Self-loathing – some self-injurers are punishing themselves for having strong feelings (which they were usually not allowed to express as children), or for a sense that somehow they are bad and undeserving(an outgrowth of abuse and a belief that it was deserved).
    Self-injury followed by tending to wounds is a way to express self-care, to be self-nurturing, for someone who never learned how to do that in a more direct way.
    Harming oneself can be a way to draw attention to the need for help, to ask for assistance in an indirect way.
    Sometimes self-injury is an attempt to affect others – to manipulate them, make them feel guilty or bad, make them care, or make them go away.
    Intense pain can lead to the release of endorphins and therefore become a means of seeking pleasure

    Self-injury awareness
    There are many movements among the general self-injury community to make self-injury itself and treatment better known to mental health professionals as well as the general public. SIAD (Self Injury Awareness Day) which is set for March 1 of every year, is one such movement. On this day some people choose to be more open about their own self-injury, and awareness organizations make special efforts to raise awareness about self-injury. Some people wear ribbons to show awareness; commonly orange ribbons are used for this. Sometimes a red and black ribbon is also used, generally signifying a person who self-injures.[35] Sometimes orange is used to represent those who self-injure, white for those who don't injure but show support and white and orange together show someone who is trying to stop or has stopped self-injury.[36] A single white bead on an orange bracelet may sometimes be used for those who want to stop and several mixed white and orange beads is for those who have stopped.[37]

    direct link:

    What can I do to stop self-harming?

    The single most important thing to remember is that you have choices: stopping self-injury can begin now.

    Knowledge is power. Gather as much information as possible about your own behaviour. Keep notes of what is going on when you feel the need to harm yourself, so that you can identify, over a period of time, specific thoughts which come up. It's also useful to keep a daily diary of events and feelings, and to record how you cope with or channel powerful emotions of anger, pain or happiness.
    Try to talk about your feelings with someone supportive. Even though you may feel you are alone, there are others who can understand your pain and help to boost your strength and courage. Many people find that joining a support group of people with similar problems is an important step towards making themselves feel better, and changing their lives. If there are no appropriate support groups in your area, your local Mind associations may be able to help start one. (See Useful organisations for more information.)
    Work on building up your self-esteem. Remember you are not to blame for how you feel; your self-injury is an expression of powerful negative feelings. It's not your fault. Make lists of your feelings, and then write positive statements about yourself, or the world around you. If you can't think of any, ask friends to write things they like about you. Keep these in a place so that they are visible. Make a tape of your own voice saying something affirming or reading your favourite stories or poems. Hearing your own voice can be soothing, or you can ask someone you trust to record their voice reading to you.
    Try to find ways to make your life less stressful, give yourself occasional treats, eat healthily, get plenty of sleep and build physical activity into your life, because this is known to boost self-esteem and lift low moods.
    Have the telephone numbers of friends, or local and national helplines where you can find them easily, if you need to talk to somebody in a crisis. (See Useful organisations.)
    Think about your anger and what you do with it. If you weren't busy being angry with yourself, who would you really be angry with? Write a list of people who have caused you to feel like this. Remind yourself you deserve good things in life, not punishment for what others have done to you.
    Line up a set of cushions to represent people who caused you pain. Tell them how they hurt you and that you don't deserve punishment. Kicking or hitting cushions is good. Try to do this with someone else, if possible, so that the experience is shared and you do not hurt yourself.
    Creativity is a powerful tool against despair. This doesn't have to be about making something. Whatever lifts you out of your pain and makes you feel good is creative. If you feel like it, try drawing or painting how you feel. Some people draw on themselves, using bright body colours.
    If you feel the need to self-harm, focus on staying within safe limits. A supportive GP will give you good advice on minimising and caring for your injuries and help you to find further help

    hope it helps

    hope it heals

    take care. be safe
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