How did a bee evolve its sting? The mechanism of evolution is said to be random mutations which confer a reproductive advantage to those whom they occur in. As a bee's sting kills the bee outright it could not go on to father 'x' amount of children, so how did the development of this sting confer a reproductive advantage? At some initial stage of early development the sting might not have killed it outright but merely wounded it a little, hence that bee could have lived to fight another day while those that didn't have this as yet protective accessory were killed by whatever the bee with it stung to protect itself. But, at what point did the sting become so destructive (to the bee) that it killed it outright and how did this later stage of advanced development proliferate throughout the species when the bee or bee's that had it were by now being killed on the spot because of it, without ever being able to reproduce?